By Jamie Gray
Over the years, poker and the presidency have been inextricably linked. President Truman played poker with reporters for twelve hours a day on the ship returning from the Potsdam Conference and President Nixon is said to have used his winnings from the poker table to help fund one of his early political campaigns. In his seminal poker book, “Positively Fifth Street” author James McManus quotes one of Nixon’s college professors as saying “A man who couldn’t hold a hand in a first-class poker game is not fit to be President of the United States.” Indeed, many of the skills needed for success in a poker room can also be useful in the Oval Office.
President Obama is the latest poker aficionado to occupy the White House. As a state senator, he played in a regular game with fellow Illinois lawmakers.
As Obama prepares to deliver his fifth State of the Union address, he finds himself seated at a tough table, with a divided Congress holding most of the chips and leaving him little room to maneuver. Obama will need to call on his poker skills to achieve any of his second-term goals. Here are some examples of how poker strategy might have influenced his political dealings thus far in his presidency.
Know when to hold 'em, know when to fold 'em
Sometimes a poker player is forced to make the difficult decision to fold a hand and wait for a better opportunity to present itself. Obama's agreement to extend the Bush tax cuts for all Americans at the end of 2010 was seen by many Democrats at the time as a capitulation. Through the poker prism, this move can be seen as Obama waiting for a better hand. His holdings had been weakened when the GOP took control of the House in the 2010 mid-term elections; when Obama won re-election in 2012, he had a stronger hand to play and was able to make a deal with Republicans that allowed the tax cuts on the wealthy to expire, albeit it at a higher income level than he had wanted.
Stand up to aggression
It's not hard to find a bully at most poker tables. These players use aggression, winning pots by constantly betting and raising to force their opponents to fold what are often stronger hands. President Obama's firm but measured response last spring to North Korean leader Kim Jong Un's threats of nuclear war indicate that he knows how to handle poker bullies.
Know how to bluff
In describing Obama's poker game, one of his former colleagues told the Daily Beast, “He wasn’t a bluffer. When Barack was betting, you could pretty much know that he had a hand.” Obama seems to be ill at ease with bluffing, which can be a powerful weapon when used correctly in poker and politics. During the long and fraught debt ceiling negotiations in the summer of 2011, President Obama is reported to have walked out of a meeting with House Republicans, telling Majority Leader Eric Cantor, "don't call my bluff." Obama's mistake here should be obvious; in poker or politics, if you want to successfully bluff an opponent, you can't tell him you're bluffing.